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Coronavirus – De toestand in Moldavië
The Republic of Moldova has been affected by the new Coronavirus as well.
The local authorities adopted containment measures to fight the pandemic, similar to those of other European countries. The containment measures have impacted the Moldovan economy. In response the local government have announced and implemented measures to financially support and help the economic operators to overcome the crisis.
The Moldovan economy reopens and there are expectations of positive readings with 4% growth in 2021.
Actual situation * Measures
Moldova's government announced on 19 November that coronavirus cases in the country have risen to 93,961. The total number of deaths now stands at 2,091.
On March 17, Moldova's parliament declared a state of emergency until May 16 to enable authorities to tackle the coronavirus disease outbreak more efficiently, where strict containment measures and rules have been taken.
Subsequently the nation's state of emergency has been downgraded to a public health emergency effective from May 16th. The situation in Moldova has started to deteriorate severely in July, which led the Moldovan authorities to bring army officers into the streets to ensure the enforcement of the sanitary measures.
Due to the continuous raise in numbers of infections, the National Public Health Emergency Commission in Moldova has issued a state of Public Health Emergency in designated "high risk" districts, effective October 1st.
Measures & restrictions:
- face-masks are mandatory in all public spaces;
- adherence to strict social distances rules and wearing face-masks in enclosed public spaces are mandatory;
- public transport in the capital Chisinau has been restricted to a few hours in the morning and in the evening;
- public servants will start working under a partial working schedule, with half of them staying home for two weeks, alternatively;
- organisations of mass events are restricted;
- people are not allowed to go out in the public in groups of more than three and elderly people should avoid any unnecessary outdoor activity.
Until August 31st all foreigners are not permitted to enter Moldova with several exceptions:
- persons having a visa, residency permit, or other document issued by Moldovan authorities;
- immediate family members of Moldovan citizens;
- persons traveling for professional activities in possession of a visa, residency permit, or other document issued by Moldovan authorities;
- diplomats accredited to Moldova and members of international organizations and their family members;
- personnel who can provide humanitarian aid;
- passengers in transit;
As of June 16 the Chisinau International Airport opened to commercial flights, but airlines will make independent decisions whether operating flights or not. Passengers are advised to check with their airline operators for most recent information.
Moldovan Civil Aviation Authority -> directive 13 June - https://www.caa.md/files/2020_06/1498.pdf
Passengers arriving to Moldova have to fill in the epidemiological sheet and sign a declaration on their own responsibility to respect the self-isolation regime for a period of 14 days.
COVID-19 testing is available at both public and private medical laboratories.
Economy * Relancing measures
Moldova's economy expanded by an annual 0.9% in the first quarter of 2020, with wholesale and retail being the main growth drivers.
Due to the Coronavirus crises the forecasts show a contraction of the GDP for Moldova in 2020. The World Bank expects Moldova's economic output to decrease by 3.1% in 2020, however to register 4% growth in 2021.
The government undertakes measures in order to ensure recovery of the economic sectors impacted by the coronavirus:
- compensate the interest on loan;
- provide one billion lei, through the programme on reimbursement of the VAT;
- launch a programme for SME’s on guaranteeing loans.
IMF approves $235 million in coronavirus emergency assistance to Moldova.
The EBRD will extend a loan of $5.5 million to Moldova's Mobiasbanca - OTP Group in order to expand access to finance for local businesses affected by the coronavirus crisis.
- Politia de Frontiera - http://www.border.gov.md/index.php/ro/
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration - https://www.mfa.gov.md/ro/content/coronavirus-covid-19
- Ministry of Health - https://msmps.gov.md/en/search/node/coronavirus
- Department of Emergency Situations - http://dse.md/
- Cancelary - https://cancelaria.gov.md/ro/node/6463