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Bosnië-Herzegovina in cijfers
- Officiële naam
- Sarajevo (400.000 inwoners)
- 51.129 km² (= 1,7 x België)
- Aantal inwoners
- 3,49 miljoen
- Roterend gemeenschappelijk presidentschap: Željko Komšić (Bosnische Kroaat), Šefik Džaferović (Bosniak), Milorad Dodik (Bosnische Serviër)
- Zoran Tegeltija
- Bosnisch, Servisch en Kroatisch
- BAM - Bosnische converteerbare mark Wisselkoers
- Belangrijke steden
- Banja Luka (250.000 inwoners), Tuzla (131.000), Zenica (127.000), Mostar (111.000)
- Bruto Binnenlands Product (BBP)
- 20 miljard USD (522 miljard USD in België)
- 6.080 USD (45.205 USD in België)
In 2021 Bosnia and Herzegovina had to find further means and solutions for recovering from the economic crisis caused by coronavirus. The actual measures aimed to mitigate the impact of the crisis on individuals and firms turned out to be less effective than expected.
The corona crisis also slowed down the implementation of the country’s structural reform agenda. The hardest-hit economy sectors were retail, manufacturing, transportation and accommodation. The unemployment rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina, among the highest in Europe even before the crisis, was 15,9% by ILO.
Projection of investments for 2021 were expected to increase by 9.6 %, but meanwhile, half of the foreign investors in the country have either cancelled or delayed investment plans due to the corona crisis. According to data provided by the Foreign investment promotion agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FIPA), 40 % of investors have delayed plans for investments, while 10 % already completely cancelled them.
For 2021 the IMF projected the real GDP (% change) at -6.5 and the Consumer Prices (% Change) at -0.8. Inflation in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been negative in year-on-year terms since April 2020; one of the reasons is also governments’ decision to restrict margins on certain products during the emergency situation.
According to the High Representative of the International Community for Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country faces its most serious political crisis since the end of the 1992-1995 war. The Bosnian Serb leader, Milorad Dodik, is threatening to pull out of state-level institutions, including the national army which would increase the risk of conflict not only within BiH but also in the Balkans.
Bosnia and Herzegovina formally applied for EU membership on 15 February 2016, following years of constitutional reforms and engagements with the Dayton Peace Agreement. However, prospects of accession to the EU seem repeatedly postponed also because of poor socio-economic management by the Bosnian politicians.
- Statistisch Bureau van Bosnië-Herzegovina: http://www.bhas.ba/index.php?lang=en
- The Central Bank of Bosnia-Herzegovina: https://www.cbbh.ba/?lang=en
- Federal Institute for Development Programming: http://fzzpr.gov.ba/en/0/home
- Foreign Investment Promotion Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina: http://www.fipa.gov.ba/Default.aspx?langTag=en-US&template_id=123&pageIn...
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